Tennis Score board

the Tennis Scoring System

History & Theories

Tennis is a unique sport when it comes to scoring. Most racquet sports such as squash, badminton and table tennis have adopted a conventional point scoring system, wherein if a player wins a point, they are awarded 1 to their score, if they win another point it adds up to 2 and so on. However, if a tennis player wins a point, they are awarded 15 to their score which counts as 1 point, 30 if 2 points are won, 40 if 3 points are won and the player is awarded 1 game if they win 4 points. Although most of us are familiar with the scoring system in tennis, I am sure some might not be aware as to why this slightly unique method of scoring is followed. In this blog article we are going to delve into some of the theories on how this method of scoring came into existence.

Despite the complexities in the tennis scoring system, the scoring has been relatively stable ever since the origin of tennis which dates back to the 12th century, the Medieval Era. Tennis was initially played with the palm of the hand, following which, wooden tennis racquets were introduced in the 16th century. The theory behind the scoring system is still a mystery till this date and there have been various theories that have been analysed, however none of which are concrete.

The Clock Face
Clock Face

The most popular theory is that in the early stages of the game, a clock face was used as a scoreboard and the seconds hand of the clock would be moved a quarter of the way around initially to 15, then 30, then 45 and then once a rotation was complete it counted for 1 game. 

As time progressed, the 45 changed to 40 to allow deuce to be set at 50 when a player got an advantage. However, tennis experts have dismissed this theory as the game was played prior to clocks with minute hands.

Jeu de paume

Another popular theory suggests that the real reason behind the unique scoring system is an early French version of tennis known as Jeu de Paume. This theory suggests that the court has 45 feet on either side of the net and the player started at the back of the court and moved forward each time the player scored a point. 

Tennis Court

The first player who scored a point had to move up 15 feet, then 30 feet and because the player could not move up too close to the net, he moved up another 10 feet, which amounted to 40 feet. However, similar to the previous theory this theory is more speculation than fact.

Love = Zero
Tennis Scoring System Love

Another unique element of the scoring system is the fact that the term “love” is used instead of zero. Again, there is no concrete proof as to how this term emerged. One theory is that “love” which means zero in tennis is based on l’oeuf, which translates to egg in French. 

But this theory is believed to be a myth, with many tennis experts saying that the word comes from playing the game “for love”, rather than scores. This theory again is not concrete and is based on speculation.

To conclude this article, there is still no concrete evidence as to how the unique scoring system in tennis came about. However, all of us tennis lovers can be pleased that the sport has a unique scoring system which makes it a very distinctive sport compared to other racquet sports. People can choose to believe whatever theory they want, nevertheless one thing we can all agree upon is that we all love the sport of tennis and are extremely proud of our sport and its unique scoring system!

Tennis Fitness

How Tennis compares 

To Other Sports for Fitness


It goes without saying that tennis is definitely one of the more physically demanding sports out there. The amount of strain that is put on the shoulders, legs, hips, etc. is almost unmatched in any sport. Taking into account the grueling number of matches a professional player has to play in a year, a tennis player needs to be in top notch physical condition in order to perform to the best of his or her ability.

However, from a leisure point of view it is one of the best sports to play recreationally in order to keep yourself in great physical condition. Some basic health and fitness benefits of tennis include increased aerobic capacities, lowering heart rate and blood pressure, improving metabolic function, increasing bone density and increasing reaction times. In fact, studies show that playing tennis is much better than hitting the gym, as tennis strengthens your entire body and at the same time enhances cardio whilst lowering your chances of getting injured.

comparing Tennis fitness

Now that we have a bit of an idea about the fitness aspect of tennis, let us delve into how tennis compares to other sports in terms of fitness. An important point to touch upon is that every sport requires a different type of fitness training which is suitable for that sport. 

A tennis player could probably not last more than 45 minutes on a squash court and at the same time a squash player could probably not last longer than an hour on a tennis court primarily owing to the fact that each person trains to be at a peak fitness level in the sport that they play.

Are sprinters fitter than tennis players

Firstly, compared to many other Olympic Sports, tennis requires a well-rounded athlete who has the capability of being as explosive as a 100-meter sprinter yet have adequate endurance and staying power to last marathon five-set matches which have the potential to go up to almost 5 hours or longer. 

This is not even taking into account the supreme technical skill and hand-eye coordination required to actually hit the ball accurately.

Is tennis similar to soccer?

Tennis, just like any other sport requires a certain kind of fitness. For example, a kid pursing soccer cannot have the same fitness regime as a kid pursing tennis. A person playing tennis basically uses every body part while playing. 

Soccer player dribbling ball

When a person hits a forehand, they need to use their shoulders and forearms to set up, as well as hit the shot and use their legs and hips as leverage to ensure the entire shot is hit correctly and accurately. On the contrary, a person playing soccer would mostly focus on drills to ensure quick movements and strengthen their legs as soccer uses very little upper body movement, with the exception of the goalkeeper.

How does tennis compare to other racquet sports?
People playing squash

Now let’s see how tennis compares to other racquet sports in terms of fitness. There has been a long debate which would probably never end between tennis and squash with regards to which is actually the more physically demanding sport. 

The answer to that is both sports require supreme levels of fitness in their own right. Squash matches although much shorter are much more intense and fast paced. Squash players basically get no rest and the rallies go on for a long time. A squash player would probably require a lot more flexibility and reflexes owing to the fast pace of the game and the fact that the ball hardly bounces.

Tennis players on the other hand use heavier equipment and go through more motions in terms of strokes and thereby need better hand eye coordination and need to be in a physical condition to play up to 5 hours. To put it in simple terms, Squash players need to have the fitness level of 1500 meter runner and a tennis player requires the fitness of a 10000-meter marathon runner. Badminton and table tennis are other racquet sports which require good levels of fitness, however are nowhere near as strenuous as squash and tennis.

Tennis versus Combat Sports

The last comparison is going to be between tennis and combat sports such as boxing and MMA. The obvious difference between tennis and combat sports is that tennis is non-contact and combat sports are all about contact. 

Woman boxing

Although, combat sports cause the athletes a lot of physical damage, most of the damage done is short term and can be recovered from in a few weeks. However, the duration of combat sport fights is significantly shorter than tennis.

Combat athletes require a lot more mental strength than tennis players owing to the fact they have to continuously push through the pain barrier and keep going. In terms of physical fitness, combat sport athletes and tennis players do require elite levels of fitness not only physically but mentally as well. With that being said it is a bit unfair to do a comparison, as these types of sports are completely different and both require unreal levels of fitness.

With everything being said tennis is a fantastic sport to play in terms of enhancing fitness, hand eye coordination, technical skills, etc. It is also one of the most difficult sports to learn and play, so if you do play tennis, you can hold your head up high and be proud of the fact that you are playing one of the most difficult sports out there!